The name of Chipping Campden, one of the loveliest small towns in the Cotswolds, is derived from the old English word "ceping", meaning market place. The Saxon village of "Campadene", meaning a valley with fields and enclosures, was established in Saxon times. With a population of over 2000 people, the High street is dominated by the 400-year-old market place built by the town's rich benefactor Baptiste Hicks for just £90.00. St James's church at the north end of the High Street is one of the Cotswolds finest "wool" churches. Campden House, destroyed by the Royalists in 1640 to stop it from falling into Parliamentarians hands, can be seen next to the church and the Court Barn Museum. Chipping Campden became an important destination in the Art and Craft movement in the early 1900s.