Cirencester and Burford, two of the many gorgeous Cotswold villages, have been named in a survey of the Prettiest Villages in the UK. Cirencester was once the capital and second-largest town in Roman Britain. The town was destroyed by fire by the Saxons in the 6thC. and renamed Coryn Ceasre. Burford, nicknamed The Cotswold Gateway, was a medieval fortified town growing up as a river crossing. The bridge was finally built-in 1322.
William Morris established the Society for Preservation of Ancient Buildings after watching a priest remove medieval paintings from the Saxon Church. There are many different periods of architecture in Burford, including different roof slates which the Tilers named Muffeties, Long Wyvetts and Cursoms. The Almshouses were founded in 1457, whilst the Tolsey marketplace dates back to Tudor times.